Hospital-Grade Cord Requirements
MedWrench recently spoke with Interpower's Vice President of Marketing and IT, Ralph Bright, about hospital-grade cord requirements.
Sun Sep 01 2019
Interpower shares hospital-grade requirements for the U.S., specific countries, how healthcare facilities can be certain they are meeting standards, and the importance of a Unique Device Identifier (UDI). Have a question for the expert or want to find out more after reading these requirements? Fill out the form at the bottom of the page to ask Ralph Bright a question directly.
Are hospital-grade standards the same worldwide?
A lot of people sure wish they were. It would make it less complicated to design for export. While some countries and/or regions have medical standards or recommendations, some hospitals may also have requirements that they choose to follow specific to their facility. Below is a list of countries around the globe and their hospital/medical standards/recommendations.
Medical equipment must meet AS/NZS 3200. All Australian plugs must be approved to AS/NZS 3112. In a medical application, according to AS/NZS 3200.1.0, a rewireable 3-pin plug has to be clear; it is optional for a molded plug to be clear. Some hospitals in Australia prefer to have a clear, transparent plug on orange, flexible cable.
“Medical Electrical Equipment”
“Approval and Test Specification—Plugs and Socket-Outlets”
The Danish hospital-grade plus and socket are recommended for use in medical applications and specifications per Standard SB 107-2-D1. The socket is designed to prevent “normal equipment” from being connected and disrupting the main circuit in specific medical settings.
Red is the preferred color for select medical facilities in Denmark for hospital-grade cord sets, but it is not a requirement of the standard, per Danish authorities.
Afsnit SB 107-2-D1
“Plugs and Socket-Outlets for Household and Similar Purposes”
DENAN is a mandatory national law administered by Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Cords, plugs, and sockets must carry the PSE approval mark.
Hospital-grade plugs and outlet-sockets need to be approved in accordance with JIS T 1021. Each shall be indelibly marked with an “H” and for plugs, a green dot is allowed. Hospitals have specific preferences when using hospital-grade plugs and sockets.
JIS T 1021
“Hospital-Grade Outlet-Sockets and Plugs”
International Medical Equipment Standards
Medical equipment standard for European countries.
Medical equipment standard for other countries, such as Australia, India, and non-European countries who follow the IEC standards (except for China, Korea, and Japan). Note: There are over 100 medical equipment standards in the IEC 60601. The general one is IEC 60601-1. Then starting with IEC 60601-2 through IEC 60601-118, each one focuses on a different piece of medical equipment.
How do the standards in the United States compare to those of other developed countries?
Requirements according to the UL 817, CSA C22.2 no. 21, UL 498, and UL 60601-1 standards.
The following briefly describes requirements found within these North American standards - UL 817, CSA C22.2 no. 21, UL 498, and UL 60601-1.
Molded-On Attachment Plugs and Connectors
For hospital-grade molded-on attachment plugs and connectors, the UL 817 and CSA C22.2 no. 21 requirements are applicable to the following configurations: 5-15, 5-20, 6-15, and 6-20. The blades on the plug shall be of solid brass material and the grounding pin cannot be easily bent or removed. (Note: CSA also allows a 1-15P which is an ungrounded plug with no ground pin.) Both the plug and connector need to be a straight or a right-angle type and molded onto flexible cord. Both need to be marked “Hospital Grade” with a green dot. Similar requirements are also found in UL 498.
Power Supply Cords
The type of flexible cord that is to be used on hospital-grade power supply cords is SJO, SJT, SJTO, SVO, SVT, SVTO, or other jacketed type cord of equal or harder usage, per UL 817. The conductor size is 18, 16, 14, and 12AWG.
Note about cord length: There is not a maximum length requirement for a cord set in the UL 817 and CSA C22.2 no. 21 standards. However, cord sets are de-rated when they become longer than 50 feet.
Hospital-Grade Extension Cords
The type of cord to be used for the hospital-grade extension cords includes SJO, SJT, SJTO or other jacketed type cord of equal or harder usage. The conductor size is 16, 14, and 12AWG. UL 817 states that, “A hospital-grade extension cord set shall have a maximum length of 15 feet.” (This cord uses a NEMA plug with a NEMA connector.)
Hospital-Grade Cord Sets
Hospital-grade cord sets need to have plugs that meet the above requirements and connectors that meet IEC 60320 requirements or another non-NEMA approved configuration. The conductor size is 18, 16, 14, 12, and 10 AWG.
UL 60601-1 gives specific definitions of patient care equipment (intended for use in the patient vicinity) and patient vicinity (areas where patients are normally cared for). It also gives requirements for “hospital-grade” or “hospital only” plugs and cords.
“Cord Sets and Power-Supply Cords
CSA 22.2 no. 21-14
“Cord Sets and Power-Supply Cords”
“Attachment Plugs and Receptacles”
“Medical Electrical Equipment, Part 1: General Requirements for Safety”
How can a health care facility be certain it is meeting national standards?
One indicator we always tell the facility to look for in North America when it is connected to a patient is the mark of “Hospital-Grade” and the green dot as shown above. Again, if it is connected to a patient, the plug needs to have both markings.
What is the importance of a Unique Device Identifier (UDI)?
Increasing concerns about product recalls, counterfeit devices, and patient safety has led the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) to start the process of developing a UDI (Unique Device Identification) System in regards to most medical devices. Currently identification methods are fragmented and it’s sometimes difficult to trace the original product back to the manufacturer.
The UDI is a unique numeric or alphanumeric code which includes a uniform list of product identifiers. As part of the UDI system, the FDA has created a GUDID (Global Unique Device Identification Database). This will have a standard set of basic identifying elements. According to the FDA website, “Most of this information will be made available to the public so that users of a medical device can easily look up information about the device. The UDI does not indicate, and the database will not contain, any information about who uses a device, including personal privacy information.”
The FDA’s Unique Device Identification System Final Rule was issued in September 2013. As with many new laws, there are several different compliance dates, depending on the type of medical device—whether it’s a Class III, II or I. For a complete list of compliance dates, check out the FDA website.
Basically, there are three steps to take to be in compliance:
- Create and assign the UDI.
- Choose the right labeling software to label the products with the UDI.
- Submit and store the UDI in the GUDID.
For a more detailed explanation, see the FDA and Medical Design Technology websites.
While medical cords are not classified as a medical device by the FDA, at Interpower serial numbers can be provided on medical cords per a company’s specific requirements.
Sources for UDI Information:
Compliance Dates for UDI Requirements
Unique Device Identification: Three Steps to Compliance
Is there anything else you would like to share with the MedWrench community regarding this topic?
Before you specify a cord for a medical facility or a product being sold to the medical community, make sure it has the correct cord per the standards listed above. Make sure the cord is of premium quality … would you want anything less if it were connected to you?
Learn more about Interpower, here.